The physical, chemical and biological processes that transform and translocate energy or materials in an ecosystem
Ecosystem functioning generally describes the combined effects of individual functions, with the overall rate of functioning being governed by the interplay of abiotic (physical and chemical) and/or biotic factors/. Although a distinction is not always made, ecosystem function can be destinguished from ecosystem process. Ecosystem process refers to mechanistic processes such as bioturbation intensity, decomposition or resource use that are carried out by fauna and which regulate the observed level of ecosystem function such as nutrient cyling or primary productivity.
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