Difference between revisions of "Flucythrinate"

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{{Definition|title=flucythrinate  
 
{{Definition|title=flucythrinate  
  
|definition=Flucythrinate is a [[pesticide]] belonging to the group of pyrethroids. It is used to control insects in apples, cabbage, field corn, head lettuce, pears and cotton. Flucythrinate is a dark amber, viscous liquid. <ref name="exo">[http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/flucythr.htm Extension Toxicology Network]</ref>}}
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|definition=Flucythrinate is a [[pesticide]] belonging to the group of pyrethroids. It is used to control insects in apples, cabbage, field corn, head lettuce, pears and cotton. Flucythrinate is a dark amber, viscous liquid<ref name="exo">[http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/flucythr.htm Extension Toxicology Network]</ref>. }}
 
 
  
 
== Notes ==
 
== Notes ==
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The use of this pesticide has been restricted in the US and banned in the European Union since 2003. <ref>[http://www.panna.org/resources/caia/corpProfilesBASF Pesticide action network North America]</ref>
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The use of this pesticide has been restricted in the US and banned in the European Union since 2003<ref>[http://www.panna.org/resources/caia/corpProfilesBASF Pesticide action network North America]</ref>.
  
 
Flucythrinate has a low water solubility and a high tendency to [[adsorption|adsorb]] to organic matter and suspended particles. It is therefore mostly associated with soils and sediments. In the soil it is moderately stable, with a [[half-life]] of 21 days. It has a low tendency towards [[bioaccumulation|bioaccumulate]].  
 
Flucythrinate has a low water solubility and a high tendency to [[adsorption|adsorb]] to organic matter and suspended particles. It is therefore mostly associated with soils and sediments. In the soil it is moderately stable, with a [[half-life]] of 21 days. It has a low tendency towards [[bioaccumulation|bioaccumulate]].  
  
Flucythrinate is extremely toxic to [[pollution and benthic fishes|fish]], which start dying at concentrations above 10 ug/l. [[Pollution and marine mammals|Marine mammals]] and [[Pollution and sea birds|sea birds]] are much more tolerant to the compound, as the are only affected after consumption of several grams per kilogram of body weight. This might be because marine mammals and sea birds seem to be able to excrete flucythrinate more rapidly.
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Flucythrinate is extremely [[toxic]] to [[pollution and benthic fishes|fish]], which die when exposed to concentrations above 10 ug/l. [[Pollution and marine mammals|Marine mammals]] and [[Pollution and sea birds|sea birds]] are much more tolerant to the compound, as the are only affected after consumption of several grams per kilogram of body weight. Marine mammals and sea birds also seem to able to excrete flucythrinate more rapidly, which is expected to result in a higher tolerance to chronic exposure<ref name="exo">[http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/flucythr.htm Extension Toxicology Network]</ref>.
 
 
<ref name="exo">[http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/flucythr.htm Extension Toxicology Network]</ref>
 
 
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[[OSPAR List of priority substances|Included in the OSPAR list of substances of priority action]]  
 
[[OSPAR List of priority substances|Included in the OSPAR list of substances of priority action]]  
 
 
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==References==
 
==References==
 
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{{author
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|AuthorFullName=Daphnis De Pooter
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|AuthorName=Daphnisd}}
 
[[Category:Coastal and marine pollution]]
 
[[Category:Coastal and marine pollution]]

Latest revision as of 16:13, 20 March 2013

Definition of flucythrinate:
Flucythrinate is a pesticide belonging to the group of pyrethroids. It is used to control insects in apples, cabbage, field corn, head lettuce, pears and cotton. Flucythrinate is a dark amber, viscous liquid[1].
This is the common definition for flucythrinate, other definitions can be discussed in the article

Notes

Flucythrinate
flucy
Formula
C26H23F2NO4

The use of this pesticide has been restricted in the US and banned in the European Union since 2003[2].

Flucythrinate has a low water solubility and a high tendency to adsorb to organic matter and suspended particles. It is therefore mostly associated with soils and sediments. In the soil it is moderately stable, with a half-life of 21 days. It has a low tendency towards bioaccumulate.

Flucythrinate is extremely toxic to fish, which die when exposed to concentrations above 10 ug/l. Marine mammals and sea birds are much more tolerant to the compound, as the are only affected after consumption of several grams per kilogram of body weight. Marine mammals and sea birds also seem to able to excrete flucythrinate more rapidly, which is expected to result in a higher tolerance to chronic exposure[1].


Environmental standards and legislation

Included in the OSPAR list of substances of priority action


References

The main author of this article is Daphnis De Pooter
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Daphnis De Pooter (2013): Flucythrinate. Available from http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/Flucythrinate [accessed on 14-07-2020]