Difference between revisions of "Harmful algal bloom"

From Coastal Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(See also)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{Definition|title= Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB)
 
{{Definition|title= Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB)
|definition= Harmful algal blooms or HABs are [[algal bloom]]s composed of phytoplankton known to naturally produce biotoxins, they can occur when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, forming visible patches that may harm the health of the environment, plants, or animals. HABs can deplete the oxygen and block the sunlight that other organisms need to live, and some HAB-causing algae release toxins that are dangerous to animals and humans. HAB can occur in marine, estuarine, and fresh waters.<ref>CoPraNet glossary [http://www.coastalpractice.net/glossary/index.htm]</ref>.  
+
|definition= Harmful algal blooms or HABs are [[algal bloom]]s composed of phytoplankton known to naturally produce biotoxins, they can occur when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, forming visible patches that may harm the health of the environment, plants, or animals. HABs can deplete the oxygen and block the sunlight that other organisms need to live, and some HAB-causing algae release toxins that are dangerous to animals and humans. HAB can occur in marine, estuarine, and fresh waters.
 
}}
 
}}
  
Line 6: Line 6:
 
The frequency and intensity of recorded harmful algal blooms has increased worldwide over the past decades. The reason for this is often assumed to be [[eutrophication]]. However, many other explanations are possible, for example increased transport of algae with ship ballast water or increased monitoring efforts. For management purposes it is important to understand which are the main factors controlling the risk of harmful algal blooms. For a long time, a link was made between high nutrient concentrations and harmful algal blooms. More recently, researchers point out the importance of interacting biological and physical processes, including effects of wind, currents and water temperature.
 
The frequency and intensity of recorded harmful algal blooms has increased worldwide over the past decades. The reason for this is often assumed to be [[eutrophication]]. However, many other explanations are possible, for example increased transport of algae with ship ballast water or increased monitoring efforts. For management purposes it is important to understand which are the main factors controlling the risk of harmful algal blooms. For a long time, a link was made between high nutrient concentrations and harmful algal blooms. More recently, researchers point out the importance of interacting biological and physical processes, including effects of wind, currents and water temperature.
  
==See also==
+
==Related articles==
 
* [[Real-time algae monitoring]]
 
* [[Real-time algae monitoring]]
 
* [[Eutrophication in coastal environments]]
 
* [[Eutrophication in coastal environments]]
 
* [[Algal bloom]]
 
* [[Algal bloom]]
 +
* [[Algal bloom dynamics]]
 
* [[The Ocean as an economic area - a competitive Europe]]
 
* [[The Ocean as an economic area - a competitive Europe]]
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 

Latest revision as of 11:00, 1 August 2020

Definition of Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB):
Harmful algal blooms or HABs are algal blooms composed of phytoplankton known to naturally produce biotoxins, they can occur when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, forming visible patches that may harm the health of the environment, plants, or animals. HABs can deplete the oxygen and block the sunlight that other organisms need to live, and some HAB-causing algae release toxins that are dangerous to animals and humans. HAB can occur in marine, estuarine, and fresh waters.
This is the common definition for Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB), other definitions can be discussed in the article

Notes

The frequency and intensity of recorded harmful algal blooms has increased worldwide over the past decades. The reason for this is often assumed to be eutrophication. However, many other explanations are possible, for example increased transport of algae with ship ballast water or increased monitoring efforts. For management purposes it is important to understand which are the main factors controlling the risk of harmful algal blooms. For a long time, a link was made between high nutrient concentrations and harmful algal blooms. More recently, researchers point out the importance of interacting biological and physical processes, including effects of wind, currents and water temperature.

Related articles