|−|Developments in life science technologies are one of the key drivers of Marine Biotechnology research. Previous advances in molecular biology, genomics and -omics have contributed to Marine Biotechnology developments. |+|
are , and to challenges, , and of and of marine and in .
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|−|There are further challenges in developing and optimising an appropriate biotechnology toolbox for innovations using marine bioresources. These include tailored -omics techniques, in situ measurement, sampling and monitoring, improvements in the cultivation of microorganisms and the use of marine model organisms. An improved and well-adapted toolbox is expected to have a large impact on future progress in marine biotechnology. | |
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|−|The target research and innovation areas that can address key societal challenges are listed below: | |
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of and of marine .
|−||<div style="padding:0px 0px 102px 0px">[[Image:Mb_food.jpg|caption|left|100px|]]</div> |+|
|−||valign="top"|'''Food''': Development of food products and ingredients of marine origin (algae, invertebrates, fish) with optimal nutritional properties for human health and with improved food security and safety prospects. |+|
|−||<div style="padding:0px 0px 102px 0px">[[Image:Mb_energy.jpg|caption|left|100px|]]</div> |+|
Industrial Products and Processes
|−||valign="top"|'''Energy ''': Development and demonstration of viable renewable energy products and processes, notably through the use of marine algae including seaweeds and microalgae. |+|
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|−||<div style="padding:0px 0px 102px 0px">[[Image:Mb_health.jpg|caption|left|100px|]]</div> | |
|−||valign="top"|'''Health ''': Discovery of new molecules and development of novel medicines, nutraceuticals and personal care products. | |
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|−||<div style="padding:0px 0px 102px 0px">[[Image:Mb_products.jpg|caption|left|100px|]]</div> | |
|−||valign="top"|'''Industrial Products and Processes ''': Development of marine-derived molecules that can be used to establish green and new processes, including enzymes, biopolymers and biomaterials, and that can replace petrochemical products. | |
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|−||<div style="padding:0px 0px 102px 0px">[[Image:Mb_environment.jpg|caption|left|100px|]]</div> | |
|−||valign="top"|'''Environment''': Development of biotechnological approaches, mechanisms and applications to address key environmental issues including bioremediation, enhancement of waste water and integrated aquaculture systems that minimize the environmental impact of fish and shellfish farming. | |
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Marine ecosystems and organisms are largely unexplored, understudied and underexploited, in spite of their potential to provide a major contribution towards addressing some of the most pressing societal challenges, including environmental degradation, human health and delivering sustainable supplies of food and energy. By solving some of these Grand Challenges marine biotechnology also holds potential for industrial innovation and responsible growth in Europe.
The sections listed below look at the potential of marine biotechnology to provide solutions to the Grand Challenges and a source of socio-economic growth and prosperity to countries investing in marine biotechnology.
- Human Health
- Industrial Products and Processes
- Environmental Health