Lower Littoral Fringe
Lower Littoral Fringe: The Pelvetia/Porphyra belt with patchy Verrucaria maura and Fucus spiralis (on sheltered shores). Fucus distichus and Fucus spiralis nana occurs on extremely exposed shores in the NE. Verrucaria mucosa present above the main barnacle population. May also include saltmarsh species on shale/pebbles in shelter (Hiscock, 1996).
- [[LowerLittoralFringe|Lower littoral fringe]]