Biology is the scientific study of life. Biology examines the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living things..
Within Encora, two themes fall within the subject of biology:
- Theme 6 - Effect of development and use on eco-morphology and coastal habitats.
Impact-assessment tools and environmental techniques for recovery of coastal habitats.
- Theme 7 - Assessment of biodiversity change.
Testing and improving an ecological valuation protocol for the coastal and marine environment, including transitional waters.
- Marine biological value
- Salt marsh
- Coral reef
- Residence time
- Algal bloom
- Theme 7 introduction to marine biodiversity
- Marine Biodiversity
- Biotopes and classification systems
- Using biomarkers for the assessment of marine pollutions
- Convention on Biological Diversity
- Conservation and restoration of marine biodiversity
- Biodiversity, conservation and fisheries
- Effects of global climate change on European marine biodiversity
- Measurements of biodiversity
- Biodiversity in the European Seas
- Effects of fisheries on European marine biodiversity
- The tragedy of the commons: Is the Newfoundland's cod crisis a good example?
- Monitoring biodiversity in dunes, beaches and salt marshes
- Effects of invasions on European marine biodiversity
- Biodiversity and conservation, and role of marine protected areas
- Policy and management responses to biodiversity shifts
- Threats to the coastal zone
- Conservation and restoration of coastal and estuarine habitats
- Birds Directive, Habitats Directive, NATURA 2000
- Marine Strategy Directive
- Marine habitats and ecosystems
- Terrestrial coastal habitats and ecosystems
- Other terrestrial coastal habitats
- Coastal habitats and ecosystems in transitional waters
- Characteristics of muddy coasts
- Habitat mapping
- Use of Lidar for coastal habitat mapping
- Threats to the coastal zone
- Impact of fisheries on coastal systems
- Natural variability in Coastal Ecosystems
- Defining marine biological value
- Biodiversity as a marine valuation concept
- Rarity criterion in marine biological evaluation
- Aggregation and marine biological value
- Introduction to marine biological valuation maps
- Marine biological valuation maps - an example from Belgium
- First-order criteria for marine biological valuation
- Fitness consequence criterion in marine biological valuation
- Modifying criteria for marine biological valuation
- Selected marine biological valuation criteria
- Potential application of the concept of marine biological valuation
- The use of the concept of Marine Biological Valuation, Conclusions
- Marine biological valuation - conclusions from a workshop
- Do we need an independent assessment process for marine biological valuation?
- Is rarity a good criterion for marine biological valuation?
- Adapted marine biological valuation concept
- Inclusion of temporal scale in the marine biological valuation
- Data collection and analysis for marine biological valuation
- How do we standardize the assessment questions and algorithms in marine biological valuation?
- How to decide on the scale/size of subareas in marine biological valuation?