Evaluation of ICZM in Europe

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In 2006, the European Commission appointed an ICZM Evaluation Team to carry out an independent evaluation of ICZM in Europe[1]. This article provides a summary of the main objectives of this report as well as of the recommendations and proposed actions offered.

Main objectives

  • To evaluate the implementation of the EU ICZM Recommendation of May 2002
  • To evaluate the added-value of ICZM in the context of relevant existing and evolving Community policies/legislation
  • To identify where a need for further action exists as regards coastal zone policy and to provide recommendations for further relevant action at Community level

Recommendations and further action

Following the analyses of national ICZM reports and strategies, submitted by coastal Member States in response to the ICZM Recommendation, in addition to a wide range of complementary information and data and intensive consultations with coastal stakeholders, the evaluation exercise resulted in the formulation of:

  • 4 strategic and cros-cutting recommnedations, and
  • 5 operational recommendations with a total of 19 recommended actions

Strategic recommendations

  1. Strengthen the European dimension of ICZM based on a Regional Seas approach (Follow the EEA recommendation of regionalisation and enhance ICZM activities on a supra-national level, providing a common European frame to help brining actors together, building capacities and harmonising practices in a trans-national perspective)
  2. Raise the profile of ICZM and enhance its integration with sectoral policies (Enhance stakeholders' identification with ICZM, create a cross-sectoral policy community from EU to local level and ensure incorporation of ICZM into current practices)
  3. Elaborate the strategic approach of ICZM -oriented at a balanced ecologic, social, economic and cultural development (Develop a common conceptual framework describing the geographical delimitations, development orientations, linking the EU ICZM Recommendation and stakeholder routines in a practical way)
  4. Address major long-term risks: vulnerability to disasters and climate change (Inlcude the vulnerability of the coast to disasters as well as the consequences of climate change, sea level rise and pollution on a Regional Sea level and in a long-term perspective, striving for the adoption of the precautionary principle)

Operational recommendations and actions

1. Endorse awareness, guidance, training and education

See also Capacity Building in the frame of EU ICZM related policies

Raise awareness among coastal stakeholders by making better use of all instruments of information dissemination

Provide guidance and develop human capacities through education and training

Support ICZM training centres, staff exchage opportunities, university courses and advanced adult education

Proposed actions

  • Raise awareness and promote ICZM
  • Provide guidance on the preparation and performance of ICZM
  • Support the establishment of ICZM training centres of excellence
  • Offer possibilities for staff exchange between different regions and countries
  • Review, endorse and promote academic courses on ICZM

2. Enhance stakeholder coordination and participation

Obtain a more comprehensive overview and insight of current ICZM practices in Europe

Establish an ICZM Advisory Board and create open stakeholder fora at European, Regional Sea and national levels to facilitate cross-sectoral stakeholder participation

Build on existing organisations and practices for implementation

Proposed actions

  • Complete the stocktake exercise in due time
  • Set up an ICZM advisory board at European level
  • Create ICZM stakeholder fora at national, Regional Seas and European levels
  • Build on existing organisations and practices, but modify these where necessary

3. Perform a mainstreaming of European policies

Incorporate ICZM in all pertinent programmes and instruments regarding their orientation (objectives) and the provision of funds

Clarify the role and relationship of the different policies and instruments in ICZM for all stakeholders

Proposed actions

  • Make clear the practical role of relevant policy strategies and regulation affecting ICZM
  • Incorporate ICZM in all pertinent funding instruments regarding their orientation and the conditioning of funds

4. Harmonise monitoring and evaluation frameworks

Draw up a baseline from a Sustainable Development perspective, including a a risk registry

Harmonise methodologies for monitoring and indicators, data collection and exchange arrangements

Monitor implementation progress and carry out a long-term evaluation

Proposed actions

  • Establish a common baseline for coastal zone development in Europe
  • Harmonise monitoring and assessment methodologies and indicators
  • Improve data collection and exchange
  • Monitor ICZM implementation and carry out a long-term evaluation

5. Improve the knowledge basis for ICZM

Support ICZM research, in particular by linking into relevant action lines of FP7, and provide priority funding for projects fully in line with the principles of good ICZM

Promote learning from good practices and bad practices and tools to support decision making

Create a single European ICZM knowledge centre

Proposed actions

  • Strengthen the ICZM component in FP7 research programmes
  • Evaluate coastal management project results and experiences
  • Develop and demonstrate suitable Decision Support Systems (DSS) for policy makers and practitioners
  • Create a common knowledge centre


  1. Rupprecht Consult & International Ocean Institute 2006. Evaluation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe -Final Report, Cologne, Germany

External links

Further reading

The main author of this article is Garriga, Maica
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Garriga, Maica (2020): Evaluation of ICZM in Europe. Available from http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/Evaluation_of_ICZM_in_Europe [accessed on 24-07-2024]