The ICZM Process - a Roadmap towards Coastal Sustainability - Designing the Future

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Analysis and Futures  

Setting the Vision  

Designing the Future  

Realising the Vision  


ICZM Process diagram/EstablishmentICZM Process diagram/Analysis and FutureICZM Process diagram/Setting the visionICZM Process diagram/Designing the FutureICZM Process diagram/Realizing the VisionICZM pegaso 3 5.png
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The ultimate aim of this stage - and indeed of the whole Process - is to lay the foundations for a self-sustaining process of sustainable coastal development. It will be based on a combination of instruments including concrete actions materialised through an investment portfolio, awareness-raising, institutional adjustments, and policy changes - ultimately transforming the governance culture and the community's understanding and care for the coastal zone.

It is at the end of this stage that the Process shifts from analysing, consulting, planning, etc. to catalysing change, i.e. making things happen.

Key tasks

  1. Formulating the ICZM strategy, plan or programme, and the actions - evaluating the options, strategy, plan and programme formulation.
  2. Establishing management structure – setting up the inter-sectoral management, facilitation and consultation structures for the long-term, ultimately having impact on the coastal governance performance.
  3. Embedding - obtaining formal approvals, funding support and legal adoption.

Potential Outputs

ICZM strategy, plan or programme draft, as well as the process for public consultation and their formal adoption. Draft ICZM strategy, plan or programme include, inter alia:

  • The terrestrial and marine areas as defined in previous stages, complementing and not replacing the existing spatial and other plans or programmes for the area.
  • Proposed long-term implementation structure. This structure will not necessarily be the same as that responsible for the preparation of the strategy, plan or programme. Critically, it should include all key national and local agencies that can enable or facilitate the delivery of the strategy, plan or programme and their actions.
  • Implementation Programme - the action plan including short (3-6 years), medium (5-10 years) and long-term actions, responsibilities for delivery, how costs will be shared, and lines of accountability. The ICZM strategy, plan or programme will contain a mix of infrastructure, "concrete" actions and ”soft" tasks such as changes to laws and procedures, regulations, pricing, institutional development, training, awareness and other “soft” interventions.

The Approved ICZM Strategy, Plan or Programme - the ICZM Steering Group or Committee should approve the final document. The documents have to be adopted by one or more Ministries or by local authorities at the appropriate level. They may also receive joint endorsement from a vertical combination of both. Sponsoring organisations may also be asked for or require a formal endorsement.

See Also

Go to next stage: Realising the Vision

This article has been drafted by PAP/RAC
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.