USD49 depthintegrating sampler
This article is a summary of subsection 5.6.2.6 of the Manual Sediment Transport Measurements in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Seas^{[1]}. This article describes how the suspended load can be measured with a USD49 sampler. This sampler is, just as the CollapsibleBag depthintegrating sampler an example of a depthintegrating sampler.
Contents
Introduction
The USD49 is a depth integrating sampler. The sampler is lowered at a uniform rate from the water surface to the streambed, instantly reversed, and then raised again to the water surface. The sampler continues to take its sample throughout the time of submergence. At least one sample should be taken at each vertical selected in the crosssection of the stream. A clean bottle is used for each sample. The USD49 sampler has a cast bronze streamlined body in which a round or square pintbottle sample container is enclosed. The head of the sampler is hinged to permit access to the sample container (see Figure 1). The head of the sampler is drilled and tapped to receive the ¼inch, 3/16inch or 1/8inch intake nozzle which points into the current for collecting the sample. The transit rate depends on the mean velocity in the vertical, the water depth and the nozzle diameter, as shown in Figure 2. The USD49 is suitable for depth [integration of streams less than about 5 m in which the velocities do not exceed 2 m/s. The sampler is manufactured by Rickly Hydrological company.
Determination of the suspended sediment transport
The depthaveraged concentration can be determined as
[math]c\,=G\,/V\,[/math]
in which: [math]G[/math]= dry mass of sediment (mg), [math]V[/math]= volume of water sample (l).
The depthintegrated suspended sediment transport (in kg/m/s) can be determined as:
[math]S = \large\frac{Gh}{FT}[/math] or as [math]S = c\,u\,h\, = \large\frac{G}{V}\normalsize u\,h[/math]
in which: [math]G[/math]= dry mass of sediment (mg), [math]V[/math]= volume of sediment sample, including pores (m^{3}),[math]h[/math]= depth of sampled zone (m), [math]u[/math]= depthaveraged velocity (m/s), [math]F[/math]= area of nozzle (m^{2}), [math]T[/math]= sampling period (s).
The sampler cannot sample down to the stream bed surface. When the sampler touches the bed, the distance between the sample nozzle and the bed is about 0.1 m (see Figure 1). Thus, the depth of the sampled zone is about equal to the water depth minus 0.1 m. Another problem is the short sampling period at each specific point in the vertical. As a result concentration fluctuations are not averaged out and repeat samples are necessary.
See also
Summaries of the manual
 Manual Sediment Transport Measurements in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Seas
 Chapter 1: Introduction, problems and approaches in sediment transport measurements
 Chapter 2: Definitions, processes and models in morphology
 Chapter 3: Principles, statistics and errors of measuring sediment transport
 Chapter 4: Computation of sediment transport and presentation of results
 Chapter 5: Measuring instruments for sediment transport
 Chapter 6: Measuring instruments for particle size and fall velocity
 Chapter 7: Measuring instruments for bed material sampling
 Chapter 8: Laboratory and in situ analysis of samples
 Chapter 9: In situ measurement of wet bulk density
 Chapter 10: Instruments for bed level detection
 Chapter 11: Argus video
 Chapter 12: Measuring instruments for fluid velocity, pressure and wave height
Other internal links
External links
Further reading
INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE on Water Resources (1963) Determination of Fluvial Sediment Discharge Report no. 14, St. Anthony Falls Hydr. Lab., Minneapolis, USA.
References
 ↑ Rijn, L. C. van (1986). Manual sediment transport measurements. Delft, The Netherlands: Delft Hydraulics Laboratory
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